There are over 350 horse breeds in the world and we have featured 150 of the best known breeds below. Currently, there are over 75 million horses worldwide and they come in a tremendous variety of shapes and sizes and are clearly designed for different tasks.

Horse breeds are loosely divided into three main categories based on general temperament: "hot bloods" are known to be spirited and have great speed and endurance; "cold bloods," such as draft horses and some ponies, are suitable for slow, heavy work; and finally "warmbloods," developed from crosses between hot bloods and cold bloods, which are bred for specific riding purposes, especially in Europe.

In America, we have the Light Horse Breeds such as the Thoroughbreds, Standardbreds, and Quarter Horses that are very athletic and used for racing and working while the Arabian Horse tends to be used for show and pleasure riding. These horses are an average of 14 to 17 hands and they weigh approximately 400 to 1,500 lbs.

Draft horses are considered "cold blooded", heavy horses that are built to work and pull. These breeds include the Belgian, Percheron, Clydesdale, Suffolk and Shire. Draft breeds range from approximately 16 to 19 hands high and can weigh 1,400 to 2,000 lbs.

NOTE: A "Hand" when measuring horses, is 4 inches. Horses are measured from the ground near their front hoof to the top of their withers or shoulder.

Abyssinian Horse
Akhal-Teke Horse
Albanian Horse
Altai Horse
American Albino Horse
American Cream Draft Horse
American Gaited Pony
American Indian Horse
American Miniature Horse
American Paint Horse
American Saddle Horse
American Shetland Pony
American Walking Pony
American Warmblood Horse
Andalusian Horse
Anglo-Arabian Horse
Anglo-Kabarda Horse
Appaloosa Horse
AraAppaloosa Horse
Arabian Horse
Ardennes Horse
Asturian Horse
Australian Brumby Horse
Australian Pony
Australian Stock Horse
Azteca Horse
Banker Horse
Barb Horse
Bashkir Horse
Bashkir Curly Horse
Belgian Horse
Belgian Warmblood Horse
Black Forest Chestnut Horse
Boer Horse
Breton Horse
Buckskin Horse
Budyonny Horse
Byelorussian Harness Horse
Camargue Horse
Campolina Horse
Canadian Horse
Canadina Sport Horse
Carthusian Horse
Caspian Horse
Cayuse Indian Pony
Chilean Corralero Horse
Chincoteage Assateague Horse
Cleveland Bay Horse
Clydesdale Horse
Colorado Ranger Horse
Connemara Pony
Criollo Horse
Dales Pony
Dartmoor Pony
Deliboz Horse
Dole Horse
Don Horse
Dulmen Horse
Dutch Draft Horse
Dutch Warmblood Horse
Egyptian Horse
Eriskay Pony Horse
Exmoor Horse
Falabella Horse
Fell Pony
Finnhorse Horse
Fjord Pony
Florida Cracker Horse
Frederiksborg Horse
Friesian Horse
Galiceño Horse
Galician Pony Horse
Gelderlander Horse
Gidrán Horse
Golden American Saddlebred
Gotland Pony
Groningen Horse
Guangxi Horse
Gypsy Vanner Horse
Hackney Horse
Haflinger Horse
Half Arabian Horse
Hanoverian Horse
Hequ Horse
Highland Pony
Hokkaido Horse
Holsteiner Horse
Hungarian Warmblood
Hucul Horse
Icelandic Horse
Irish Draft Horse
Irish Hunter Horse
Knabstruper Horse
Lipizzaner Horse
Lusitano Horse
Mérens Horse
Missouri Fox Trotter Horse
Morab Horse
Morgan Horse
Moroccan Barb Horse
Mountain Pleasure Horse
Nakota Horse
National Show Horse
National Spotted Saddle Horse
New Forest Pony
Noriker Horse
Oldenburg Horse
Paint Horse
Palomino Horse
Paso Fino Horse
Percheron Horse
Peruvian Paso Horse
Pintabian Horse
Pinto Horse
Poitevin Horse
Pony Of The Americas
Przewalski's Horse
QuArab Horse
Quarter Horse
Racking Horse
Rocky Mountain Horse
Selle Francais Horse
Shagya Arabian Horse
Shetland Pony
Shire Horse
Spanish Barb Horse
Spanish Mustang
Standardbred Horse
Suffolk Punch Horse
Swedish Ardennes Horse
Swedish Warmblood Horse
Tarpan Horse
Tennessee Walking Horse
Thoroughbred Horse
Trakehner Horse
Welsh Cob Horse
Welsh Pony
Westphalian Horse
Wurttemburg Horse

Color Breeds of Horses

There are some registries that accept horses, ponies and mules of almost any breed or type for registration. Color is either the only criterion for registration or the primary criterion. These are called "color breeds," because unlike "true" horse breeds, there are few other physical requirements. The stud book is not limited in any fashion. Often, the color also does not always breed on, in many cases due to a genetic impossibility. Offspring born without the stated color are usually not eligible for recording with the color breed registry. The best-known color breed registries are for the following colors:

  • Buckskin
  • Palomino
  • Pinto horse
  • White

White Horses are registered in the United States with the American Creme and White Horse registry, which was once called an "Albino" registry until it was understood that true albino does not exist in horses.

There are breeds that have color that usually breeds "true" as well as distinctive physical characteristics and a limited stud book. These horses are true breeds that have a preferred color, not color breeds, and include the Friesian horse, the Cleveland Bay, the Appaloosa, and the American Paint Horse.

Ponies and the Pony Breed

The Pony Breed originated from the wild horse prototypes that developed their small stature because of the confined living and grazing spaces. These ‘smaller horses’ were domesticated and bred for specific purposes all over the world. Ponies were historically used for driving carts, hauling freight and as children's mounts as well as for recreational riding. Later, ponies became competitors and performers. During the Industrial Revolution, particularly in Great Britain, ponies were used as "pit ponies," hauling heavy loads of coal up from the mines.

The Pony Breed is generally classified as standing less than 14.2 hands tall and often having thicker manes, tails and overall coats with proportionally shorter legs, heavier bones and shorter heads. Ponies have other distinct traits that make them unique, they are not simply small horses. Miniature horses are classified under the horse breeds.

Ponies are a cute and cuddly, hardworking breed that have been adored for centuries by animal lovers around the world. Ponies have also become beloved pets for many world leaders including President’s Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. President John F. Kennedy gave his daughter, Caroline, a precious pony named “Macaroni” that would happily graze on the front lawn of the White House.

American Shetland Pony
American Walking Pony
Anadolu Pony
Ariegeois Pony
Chincoteague Pony
Asturian Pony
Australian Pony
Australian Riding Pony
Bali Pony
Bardigiano Pony
Bashkir Pony
Basque Pony
Basuto Pony
Batak Pony
Bhutia Pony
Bhote ghoda Pony
Bhutan Pony
Bhutani Pony
Bhutua Pony
Bosnian Pony
British Riding Pony
Burmese Pony
Carpathian Pony
Hucul Pony
Caspian Pony
Chincoteague Pony
Chinese Guoxia Pony
Connemara Pony
Czechoslovakian Small Riding Pony
Dales Pony
Deli Pony
Dartmoor Pony
Deutsches Reit Pony
Dulmen Pony
Eriskay Pony
Exmoor Pony
Falabella Pony
Faroe Pony
Fell Pony
Flores Pony
French Saddle Pony
Galician Pony
Garrano Gayoe
German Riding Pony
Gotland Pony
Guizhou Pony
G?o-xìa Pony
Highland Pony
Indian Country Bred Java Pony
Kazakh Pony
Kerry Bog Pony
Landais Pony
Lijiang Pony
Lundy Pony
Manipuri Pony
Merens Pony
Misaki Miyako Pony
Narym Pony
New Forest Pony
Newfoundland pony
Noma Pony
Nooitgedacht Pony
Northlands Pony
Ob Pony
Peneia Pony
Petiso Argentino Pindos Pony
Mousseye Pony
Pottok Riding Pony
Sable Island Pony
Sandalwood Pony
Sardinian Pony
Shetland Pony
Skyros Pony
Spiti Pony
Indian Country Bred Sumba and Sumbawa Pony
Tibetan Pony
Timor Pony
Virginia Highlander Vyatka Pony
Welara Pony
Welsh Pony
Welsh Mountain Pony